How to Grow Some Tips for Indoor Herb Garden.

For thousands and thousands of years we have turned to plants we call herbs for flavor, dye, perfume and cosmetics. We have believed that individual herbs held the power to repel insects, evil and vampires, while others attracted the perfect lover, good luck or bees to pollinate our crops. For some, the use of herbs can cure headaches and burns. And, of course, what would fine dining be without the culinary herbs?

Here are some tips for herb gardening indoors that will simulate the conditions in an outside garden. For Herb gardening indoors the growing climates need to be pretty much the same as the conditions outside.

Make sure you have a sunny windowsill that your herbs will love. Use a container that is at least 6-12 inches deep.

Get your herb plants from a good garden center nursery who will have plenty of garden advice to help you with your inside garden. You will need some garden equipment like a small digging garden tool, garden gloves, organic fertilizer and some small gardening containers. You probably already have most of these garden supplies in your garden shed.

Soil is the most important aspect of growing herbs indoors. Use only top grade potting soil with an organic fertilizer mixed in. If you think it is too fine a soil, use a little perlite. Fertilize while potting the herbs and they should be happy until spring. If you have an herb that is not growing vigorously add a little organic liquid fertilizer to the water.

When you go to transplant the herb, go one inch up in the size of the gardening container. If the plant is in a two-inch pot, go to a three-inch gardening container. Leave the roots alone and be careful not to bruise the stem.

Don’t plant oreganos, mints, lemon balm or bee balm with other plants because they will overgrow everything. Pot these herbs in a garden container all their own. You may want to always plant those herbs in containers since they tend to “take over” the garden.

Some people swear that you must put garden stones in the bottom of the gardening container, but I dispute that opinion. I feel that the garden stones take valuable space away from the herb roots. You might want to place a small piece of wire screening over the hole to keep it from getting clogged.

Here are some examples of which herbs to plant together:

* For an Italian selection try Sweet basil, Italian parsley, Oregano, Marjoram and Thyme.
* For a lovely scented container use Lavender, Rose scented geranium, Lemon balm, Lemon thyme, and Pineapple sage.
* For really great salads try Garlic chives, Rocket, Salad burnet, Parsley, Celery.
* And to say “We love French Cooking!” use Tarragon, Chervil, Parsley, Chives and Sage

Allow time for your herbs to grow used to their new conditions. Once you see growth you can start using you herbs. Snip and use your herbs often to encourage them to grow full and bushy.

When it comes to light, all herbs must get 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day on your window sill. If your window doesn’t supply that much light then purchase garden grow lights and hang them three inches above the plants. If you live in a very hot climate shade the herbs during the hottest periods. If you live in a very cold climate keep the herbs away from the cold glass panes.

When it comes to watering, don’t let the herbs dry out but don’t drown them either. Herbs do not like to sit in wet soil. An inexpensive water meter from your garden center nursery will help with this important step in growing your herbs. Always use room temperature water so as not to shock the herb’s roots.

If you follow all of these steps you will have a healthy herb garden all winter on your sunny windowsill.

Did you find this article useful?  For more useful tips and   hints, points to ponder and keep in mind, techniques, and insights pertaining to Internet Business, do please browse for more information at our websites.
<a href=”http://www.adsence-dollar-factory.com”>http://www.adsence-dollar-factory.com</a>                                     
<a href=”http://www.100earningtips.com”>http://www.100earningtips.com</a>

Mehraj Khan

Quick Guide To Hydroponics Indoor Gardening

Growing specialty plants indoors in a growing room is a science and an art. Plants such as orchids, violets, and other specialty crops will thrive in a controlled environment.
Some people who started out as amateur home gardeners now have an indoor gardening business growing orchids and other high value plants.
These plants need proper environment, handling, and nutrients if they are to thrive. The following guide is presented as concisely as possible, but is no substitute for other types of research that growers should conduct.
THE IDEAL CONDITIONS FOR HYDROPONICS GROWING:
CLIMATE TEMPERATURE RANGE:
During lights-on cycle, between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. During lights-off cycle, between 64 and 71 degrees Fahrenheit.
Ideal day cycle growing temperature without C02 augmentation: 73 degrees Fahrennheit/23 degrees Centigrade.
Ideal day cycle temperature with C02 augmentation: 76 degrees Fahrenheit/24.5 degrees Centigrade.
(Note: Centigrade is the same as Celsius).

ROOT ZONE TEMPERATURE: 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Growers with plants in pots growing in basements or cement slabs should not put their pots directly on the floor, as this can cool the root zone too much. If a root zone is too cold, it can harm roots and slow growth rate.

WATER/NUTRIENT SOLUTION TEMPERATURE:66 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit.
GROW ROOM HUMIDITY:
40 to 65% during vegetative phase; 40 to 60% during flowering. Excess humidity creates conditions that allow mold and other harmful organisms to flourish.

LIGHT CYCLES:
Vegetative Growth: 18 hours on, 6 hours off. (Studies have shown that 24 hour light cycles cause no more growth than 18 hour light cycles.)

Floral triggering and flowering growth: 12 hours on, 12 hours off. (May vary due to type of plant being grown and other factors).

TYPES OF LIGHTING:
Early cuttings and clones: Fluorescent lighting.
Vegetative Growth Cycle: Metal halide and High Pressure Sodium, augmented by vertical fluorescents for side growth.
Preferred vegetative growth lighting ratio: 60% Halide, 40% HPS.
Lighting for Floral Growth: High Pressure Sodium Only, No Metal Halide.

LIGHT COVERAGE:
For stationary lights: One 400 watt bulb provides adequate light for 10 square feet of space. One 1000 watt light provides adequate light for 20 square feet of space. The use of light movers can extend these coverage areas.

LIGHT MEASUREMENTS:
Light output is measured in “lumens,” using a lumens meter. This is a handheld device that responds to light in a fashion similar to how a cameras light meter responds to light. The top of the plant canopy should be receiving 3000 lumens.

Use the light meter and visual inspection to determine where inadequate light levels are occurring. Usually, these low light areas will be in corners, and at the bottom of plant canopies. Unequal lighting will result in unequal growth patterns, and loss of yield. LIGHT REFLECTION: This bounces light back into the plant area, resulting in better growth.

The best reflective materials are Mylar or white glossy plastic. This should be placed on all walls and on the ceiling.

Aluminum foil, mirrors, and white paint do not have adequate degrees of reflectivity.

DISTANCE OF PLANT TOPS TO LIGHTS:
If plants get too close to high intensity lights, it can severely damage them.

Metal Halide and High Pressure Sodium bulbs, if not separated from plants by glass or other material between bulb and plants, should be 2.5 feet from top of plant to bottom of light.

Fluorescent or glass-shielded MH/HPS should be one foot from plant tops, but it is important not to take for granted that this is an adequate protective distance. You still need to closely monitor temperature at leaf zone to prevent burning. The temperature at the point of the leaf zone closest to the lights should never exceed 84 degrees Fahrenheit.

STERILE GROW MEDIA:
Rockwool, processed coconut husks, lava rocks, vermiculite, coco coir, perlite, perlite, clay pellets.

ATMOSPHERIC REQUIREMENTS:
Plants need large amounts of oxygen, especially in the root zone. If you want the maximum amount of oxygen in the root zone, you should read the aeroponics article on this website and consider installing an aeroponics system. Aeroponics maximizes oxygen in the root zone, which results in faster growth.

Plants grow best when they have large amounts of carbon dioxide (C02), especially at underside of leaves.

Total room C02 should be 1500 parts per million, but natural levels of C02 are approximately 400 ppm, so C02 augmentation is recommended, especially in above average temperatures.

The C02 emitter should be timed in relation to exhaust fan so that C02 is not sucked out of room.

AIR CIRCULATION (Inside grow room:
Circulation by at least one medium size oscillating fan for any size grow space, no matter how small.

For larger grow spaces, at least one medium size oscillating fan for every three 1000 watt lights. Adequate aeration occurs when you can feel air movement in your grow space at plant level- so that all plants are in a moving ocean of air.

AIR EXCHANGE:
Install exhaust fan(s) sufficient to totally exchange all air in grow space every five minutes. Exhaust fans must be timed relevant to C02 augmentation to avoid removing augmented C02 from room.

FLOWER TRIGGERING:
For orchids and other plants, you can often trigger flowering by changing light cycle to 12 hours on 12 hours off.

After this change, plants should show changes within two weeks.

Important note: during the dark cycle, do not let any stray light enter the growing chamber, unless you use a low-wattage green-colored light bulb for short periods of time for necessary chamber illumination. Stray light can confuse plants and cause mutations in flowers or delay flower maturation.

IDEAL Ph OF GROW MEDIA AND NUTRIENT SOLUTION/WATER:
Between 5.8 and 6.3. pH higher or lower than this range can interfere with plants ability to uptake nutrients.

IDEAL pH OF ROOT ZONE MEDIA:
6.5.

IDEAL PPM (parts per million) OF HYDROPONIC NUTRIENT SOLUTION:
For rooted clones, established seedlings, or mature plants in vegetative and flowering phase, between 1000 ppm to 2000 ppm, depending on strain, grow media, and plants growth phase.

Nutrients: The only way to ensure proper nutrition is to use the Advanced Nutrients engineered growing program, which is the only fertilizer and supplement program tested, designed and guaranteed to produce healthier hydroponics plants.

Hydroponics website that gives you free, exclusive information for high-yielding, high quality hydroponics, Nutrients and Your crops will grow faster and yield more.

Indoor Gardening

Believe it or not, keeping the green of Spring in you life year-round, is easier than you think. While it’s great fun to get outside and start planting that vegetable or flower garden, many people keep the freshness in their life even during the winter, by starting indoor gardens.

A houseplant, usually native to tropical climates, is grown indoors for decorative purposes. Houseplants also provide a natural and cost effective way to clean indoor air. According to Dr. Wolverton’s NASA study, it is suggested that at least one potted plant per 100 square feet of home or office space is needed to be effective air cleaners.

Of all plants that are easiest to grow indoors, herbs are at the top of the list. Not only are they green and decorative, they’re also delicious. And when grown in the kitchen, they’re just a step away from the pot of spaghetti sauce or the stew that’s cooking for dinner.

Get your herb plants from a good garden center nursery who will have plenty of garden advice to help you with your inside garden. You will need some garden equipment like a small digging garden tool, garden gloves, organic fertilizer and some small gardening containers. You probably already have most of these garden supplies in your garden shed.

The major factors to consider when growing and caring for a houseplant are water, soil, light, temperature, humidity, fertilizers, and pots. Most plants come with a description tag that will guide you on how to care for that specific plant.

Although the kitchen is a desirable spot, your plants will do best in a window that has at least six hours of sunlight a day, to keep the growth cycle moving along. This could be an east or south window. West windows tend to have the hottest sun, which may not be good for tender young plants, especially in Spring or Summer. If the window area tends to be extremely cold during winter nights, you may want to put the plants down on a cupboard or table until the sun comes back up.

Most indoor plants need good lighting. You can provide this through natural lighting in the room of your choice or there must be electric lighting. Darker leaved plants usually don’t need as much light as others.

Here are a few varieties of plants (these require medium to low light) that are known to be suitable for indoor gardening:
Philodendrons
Boston ferns
African violets
Cyclamens
Creeping Fig

Most houseplants grow in a tropical climate which ranges from 60-80 degrees. The majority of homes are kept around this temperature; therefore, houseplants can thrive inside the home. Night temperatures should be 10 degrees lower to duplicate nature.

Be careful of your watering habits, since plants in pots do not lose their water into the earth around them like they would in a garden. Water only when the soil is beginning to dry. But remember also, that your house does not have the same humidity as an outdoor garden, and in winter particularly, indoor heating systems dry out the air. Mist your plants in winter, to keep leaves from drying out, and to prevent the proliferation of certain pests.

Keep the plant evenly moist, but there should not be standing water in the plant’s saucer. This might require watering two to three times a week. Water the plant thoroughly and after 15 minutes empty any water that is standing in the saucer. A common mistake most people make in indoor gardening is they tend to over-water the plants, which may lead to rotting roots. Make sure to research the type of plant you have, because each kind of plant varies on their watering needs.

When picking a container/pot for your house plants, make sure it will drain properly. I know what you are probably thinking…many pots are sold without drainage holes! If you find one that you are absolutely in love with drill a hole in the bottom of the container, otherwise your plant will almost certainly die. Without a drainage hole, water collects in the pot and causes damage to the roots. If this isn’t an option you can double pot your plant.

Choose good quality and attractive container for your indoor plants. Make sure that the pot is clean before placing your new plant into it to prevent infection and to encourage healthy growth. Your container can be pretty much anything and is only limited to your imagination. For a formal garden choose a more traditional container. Regardless of your choice of container, make sure it’s not too big or too small for your planting.

Just like watering, fertilizing depends on the type of plant. If you have managed to supply your indoor garden with the right amount of light, water and humidity, fertilization may not need much attention. A good indoor fertilizer can be bought from most home depot or hardware stores. Orchids need the special fertilizer available.

Go to your garden nursery center and look thru the selections. Choose plants that will harmonize and colors that go well together. Container Gardening is fun and easy and a great way to show off your handiwork.

Looking for a special gift, check Send Flowers Online we offer fresh cut flowers, gift baskets and unique gifts. You can preorder flowers and find christmas gifts for the hard to buy for.

Using Grow Lights for Indoor Soil and Hydroponic Gardening

The use of grow lights for indoor and hydroponic gardens will be of major importance for growing healthy plants.  Plants require the energy from light in order to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds via photosynthesis. Indoor soil gardening and hydroponic gardening need this light produced by grow lights.  Nowadays the most widely used grow lights for indoor and hydroponic gardens are high-pressure sodium (HPS/SON) and/or metal halide (MH) lamps.  The lights from these HPS/SON or MH lamps are generally directed at your indoor or hydroponically grown plants by the use of reflectors.  In this way, light is produced for your indoor garden in the most efficient manner.

Many types of grow lights are available for indoor soil gardening and/or hydroponic gardening:
Incandescent lights are typically used to highlight indoor plants and are not “true” grow lights.

Fluorescent grow lights are useful in growing vegetables such as leaf lettuce, spinach and herbs or for getting a jump on planting season by growing seedlings using this lighting.  High output fluorescent lights produce much more light than a standard fluorescent lamp.  Compact fluorescent lamps are available.  These are smaller and are used both for propagation and for growing larger plants.

High-pressure Sodium Lamps tend to produce plants that are taller and have longer stem growth. Generally, they are used as secondary lighting in greenhouses where plants get their main source of lighting from the sun rather than grow lights.  Plants grown with this type of lighting tend to look pale and washed out but, even so, the plants are generally healthy.

Combination high-pressure sodium and metal halide grow lights come in dual reflector systems.  Manufacturers say these lights produce an ideal spectral blend and high outputs.  In reality, this type of lighting is a compromise.  The lamps use two smaller lights rather than one larger light, therefore, the distance the light penetrates is shorter.

Switchable, two-way and convertible lamps can burn either a metal halide bulb or an equivalent high-pressure sodium blue in the same fixture.  However, these bulbs must be switched out and cannot be burned at the same time.   First plants are grown under the metal halide light for propagating and for vegetative growth.  For the fruiting and flowering stages, the switch must be made to the high-pressure sodium bulb.

LED grow lights are relatively cheap, bright and long lasting. They are attractive to indoor gardeners and hydroponic gardeners, as they do not consume as much power.  Today’s technology makes LED grow lights an attractive option.

In conjunction with and to increase light directed to the plants, indoor gardeners and hydroponic gardeners sometimes cover the walls of their growing enclosure with light reflective materials.  These can range from painting walls with light-reflective white paint to reflective panels of insulation along with a myriad of other materials.  This optimized lighting directed to the plants.  The larger plants get the more light they need.

Lighting for various types and sizes of plants should be monitored by the use of a timer.  Seedlings need fewer hours of plants than medium or fully-grown plants.  Hours of lighting should be started at four to six hours for seedlings and then increased as your plants grow.  For medium or fully matured plants, eight hours or more per day is the rule of thumb.

Indoor gardening and hydroponic gardening give people who love working in their gardens twice the amount of gardening time (or more) as seasonal changes do not put limits on growing vegetables, herbs, flowers, fruit, etc.  Indoor and hydroponic gardening is a great way for senior citizens to continue gardening as planting beds can be raised to comfortable heights.  No more backbreaking digging holes, weeding, and all that bending and stooping. 

Grow lights are essential to indoor gardening and indoor hydroponic gardening for production of photosynthesis and they generally accelerate growth of your plants.

Karen Jones is an avid convert to Hydroponic Gardening.  She is now retired, from the Health Insurance industry and enjoys expanding her Hydroponic Greenhouse.

You may visit our website

Or email me at karen@hydroponicsgardeninghub.com

The Benefits of Indoor Gardening

Ozone generators are one of the latest, most effective solutions to the problem of air purification when it comes to indoor gardening. Hydroponics indoor gardening can be a rewarding activity, allowing you to enjoy seasonal plants, fruits and vegetables year around. However, without a proper air purification system in place, you’ll soon wind up with a heavy, unpleasant musty smell due to the organic wastes that are a product of indoor gardening. Ozone generators can be among the most valuable gardening supplies you can have.

Traditional Air Purification

Most air filters use activated carbon. The carbon is activated by oxygenation, which results in millions of microscopic pores on the surface of the granules. These “micropores” trap organic particles that cause unpleasant odors resulting from hydroponic gardening.

The main drawback of activated carbon filters is that they can only absorb a limited amount of organic contaminants; except for chlorine, they are useless for filtering inorganic substances, and in any event, must be replaced regularly.

Some companies offer carbon filters in which the granules have been treated with polymers or volatile oils, increasing their effectiveness in trapping and absorbing the odor-causing micro-organisms. Nonetheless, these to have limits and must be switched out at regular intervals.

HEPA filters, while tremendously effective in eliminating many contaminants, have the same drawback – they must be replaced at regular intervals.

The Beauty of Ozone

You may have heard of ozone in science news; it actually occurs naturally in the planet’s upper atmosphere. You’ve also probably smelled it if you have ever been around electric toy trains.

Ozone is what is known as an allotrope of oxygen; instead of a single molecule, it results from the bonding of three oxygen molecules. Most people don’t realize it, but oxygen is actually toxic in large amounts; therefore, ozone is triply toxic.

This is actually a good thing, however; instead of simply absorbing and trapping odors, ozone generators actually destroy indoor gardening odors at their source by killing off the micro-organisms that cause them – including mold, mildew and various kinds of bacteria.

ozone generators have been used for a long time in a wide variety of air purification applications. Available at most online and brick-and-mortar retail outlets that deal in hydroponics supplies, ozone generators have been used to clean and sanitize those difficult-to-clean HVAC systems in the ductwork of residential homes, commercial buildings and sea-going vessels.

Although ozone generators are not the cheapest indoor gardening supplies you’ll invest in your hydroponics gardening career, they definitely have the highest performance-to-cost ratio – and best of all, there are no filters to replace! Ozone generators give you the most air purification “bang” for the buck.

Anne Harvester has a great deal of experience with indoor gardening. Hydroponic gardening is the way of the future. Known to some as “soil less gardening”, hydroponics are proven to grow plants 20-30% faster than their soil grown counterparts.

How To Grow An Indoor Herb Garden

For thousands and thousands of years we have turned to plants we call herbs for flavor, dye, perfume and cosmetics. We have believed that individual herbs held the power to repel insects, evil and vampires, while others attracted the perfect lover, good luck or bees to pollinate our crops. For some, the use of herbs can cure headaches and burns. And, of course, what would fine dining be without the culinary herbs?

Here are some tips for herb gardening indoors that will simulate the conditions in an outside garden. For Herb gardening indoors the growing climates need to be pretty much the same as the conditions outside.

Make sure you have a sunny windowsill that your herbs will love. Use a container that is at least 6-12 inches deep.

Get your herb plants from a good garden center nursery who will have plenty of garden advice to help you with your inside garden. You will need some garden equipment like a small digging garden tool, garden gloves, organic fertilizer and some small gardening containers. You probably already have most of these garden supplies in your garden shed.

Soil is the most important aspect of growing herbs indoors. Use only top grade potting soil with an organic fertilizer mixed in. If you think it is too fine a soil, use a little perlite. Fertilize while potting the herbs and they should be happy until spring. If you have an herb that is not growing vigorously add a little organic liquid fertilizer to the water.

When you go to transplant the herb, go one inch up in the size of the gardening container. If the plant is in a two inch pot, go to a three inch gardening container. Leave the roots alone and be careful not to bruise the stem.

Don’t plant oreganos, mints, lemon balm or bee balm with other plants because they will overgrow everything. Pot these herbs in a garden container all their own. You may want to always plant those herbs in containers since they tend to “take over” the garden.

Some people swear that you must put garden stones in the bottom of the gardening container, but I dispute that opinion. I feel that the garden stones take valuable space away from the herb roots. You might want to place a small piece of wire screening over the hole to keep it from getting clogged.

Here are some examples of which herbs to plant together:

For an Italian selection try Sweet basil, Italian parsley, Oregano, Marjoram and Thyme.

For a lovely scented container use Lavender, Rose scented geranium, Lemon balm, Lemon thyme, and Pineapple sage.

For really great salads try Garlic chives, Rocket, Salad burnet, Parsley, Celery.

And to say “We love French Cooking!” use Tarragon, Chervil, Parsley, Chives and Sage

Allow time for your herbs to grow used to their new conditions. Once you see growth you can start using you herbs. Snip and use your herbs often to encourage them to grow full and bushy.

When it comes to light, all herbs must get 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day on your window sill. If your window doesn’t supply that much light then purchase garden grow lights and hang them three inches above the plants. If you live in a very hot climate shade the herbs during the hottest periods. If you live in a very cold climate keep the herbs away from the cold glass panes.

When it comes to watering, don’t let the herbs dry out but don’t drown them either. Herbs do not like to sit in wet soil. An inexpensive water meter from your garden center nursery will help with this important step in growing your herbs. Always use room temperature water so as not to shock the herb’s roots.

If you follow all of these steps you will have a healthy herb garden all winter on your sunny windowsill.

Copyright © 2006 Mary Hanna All Rights Reserved.

This article may be distributed freely on your website and in your ezines, as long as this entire article, copyright notice, links and the resource box are unchanged.

About the Author
Mary Hanna is an aspiring herbalist who lives in Central Florida. This allows her to grow gardens inside and outside year round. She has published other articles on Cruising, Gardening and Cooking. Visit her websites at http://www.CruiseTravelDirectory.com, http://www.ContainerGardeningSecrets.com, and http://www.GardeningHerb.com or contact her at mary@webmarketingreviews.com

Indoor Organic Herb Garden

Growing an organic herb garden is a delightful project. The fragrant plants not only look and smell good; they are also good for flavoring foods.

Indoor organic herb gardens have the advantage of being year-round, giving a continuous supply of fresh herbs. An indoor organic herb garden can be as small as a few pots on a window sill or as large as a greenhouse filled with containers of aromatic organic herbs.

Herb Choices

There are many ways to decide which herbs to include in your organic herb garden. Here are some ideas.

1. Italian Herb Garden: Plant rosemary, oregano, basil, fennel, and chives. Terra cotta containers will make your indoor organic herb garden look authentically old world.

2. French Herb Garden: Begin with lemon basil, marjoram, and parsley, and add other herbs you like to use in French cooking.

3. Fragrant Herb Garden: Choose angelica, bergamot, catmint, chamomile, thyme, lavender, lemon balm, mint, and sage. This organic herb garden is a natural air freshener.

4. Tea Herb Garden: If you enjoy herbal teas, your organic herb garden might focus on appropriate herbs for your tea: catnip, chamomile, lavender, lemon grass, mint, and peppermint.

You may not want to theme your indoor organic herb garden, but simply grow a few herbs that appeal to you.

Containers

Many herbs are well-suited to container gardening, but you will want to choose containers according to the herbs you intend to grow.

1. Those tiny herb peat pots sold in discount stores give the wrong idea. Your indoor organic herb garden will not last long with such small thinking.

2. Begin with containers a bit larger than those in which the live nursery plants were purchased. This will give your plants room to start growing.

3. Once your herbs are stabilized and growing well, transplant them into larger containers.

4. Basil, mint, oregano, and sage are examples of herbs that can be grown in pots of about 8 to 10 inches.

5. If you want a large crop of herbs that is constantly being replenished in your organic herb garden, use 3 to 5 gallon containers. This will assure you of having plenty of rosemary, basil, etc. when you want it.

Container Soil

Indoor organic herb gardens call for building organic soil. Your soil should have a pH of about 7, since herbs prefer a more alkaline soil. If yours is too acid, add some calcified seaweed. Be sure you use only organic fertilizers to build your soil.

Indoor Lighting

An indoor organic herb garden will need lighting, especially if your room is not sunny. Lighting is especially important for year-round indoor gardens.

Different plants have different light requirements, some preferring bright sun and others preferring shade. Most herbs prefer full sun, but there are exceptions, so learn what each of your herbs needs.

Incandescent lights, even though called “grow lights”, are a poor choice for your indoor organic herb garden. Fluorescent lights are better, and have the advantage of being inexpensive, easily available, and easy to set up. The best choice for lighting your indoor organic herb garden is high intensity discharge lighting, often called HID lights. These are even more affordable and efficient.

Useful and Beautiful

An indoor organic herb garden can be both useful and beautiful. Herbs are generally eager to please, and require little maintenance. Simply give them the right food, water, and sunlight, and they will reward you abundantly.

&copy; 2007, Anna Hart. Anna Hart invites you to read more of her articles about organic gardening at http://www.organicspringtime.com. Anna is posting new articles every week on that site, each one dealing with some facet of organic gardening. If you want information on locating live organic herb plants for your organic herb garden, you won’t want to miss Anna’s article on the subject.

Basic Indoor hydroponics Gardening Guide Hydroponics Growing Mediums

These are the materials that mimic the soil in everyday gardens. It serves as a support system for your hydroponic indoor garden. They function mainly for anchoring the roots and a reservoir for water and nutrient solutions. Special attention is also placed on aeration or proper plant respiration and drainage. A balance must be kept between keeping the plant nourished and over saturating the roots.

 Types of Growing Mediums

 Choice of a specific growing medium mainly depends on the type of growing system to be used. Certain systems have no mediums used because plant growth is best when roots are suspended in air or water. Improvement made with newer growing medium mixtures has been introduced for optimum plant growth in certain systems. Ideally, an equal mixture of water and air is advised making it available for the roots to utilize at all times. Water by gravity always moves downward through coarse mediums only to be deposited in the bottom of the container. This is eliminated with the use of a hydroponic system as water is constantly circulated in the system. The only system that this would not work would be the Ebb and Flow Systems.

 Clay Pebbles

Recyclables, it can be constantly reused indefinitely reducing upkeep costs for your indoor garden. Size of the pot is one limiting factor as they do not possess good nutrient lifting ability, but effectiveness is enhanced in smaller pots and containers. Another advantage would be their neutral pH and they don’t retain nutrients. Ventilation and aeration are also maximized because of the spaces created between pebbles.

 

Clay pebbles are usually used together with net pots in drain and flood indoor hydroponic gardening systems. Water flow in roots is enhanced by their natural shapes and spaces hey create between them, therefore maximizing the absorption of nutrients. When using the Drip irrigation hydroponic system, use absorbent mediums to provide better retention and nutrient circulation.

 Coconut Fiber

Shredded husks of coconuts as a growing medium has also been growing in popularity. Packaged in a variety of ways like blocks, pellets, cubes and shredded fiber it can be a good substitute for any type of growing medium. It is also commonly mixed with other growing media such as perlite or rockwool.

 Why Use Coconut Fiber as a Growing Medium?

 Coconut fiber is actually a waste product; its ability to be used for other useful means takes a great step towards recycling and environmental awareness. It is the first totally organic medium which could be utilized for indoor hydroponic gardening. It is superior to rockwool in water handling ability and oxygen capacity. Coconut fibers also possess root stimulating hormones and prevent root disease and fungus infection. In its natural state, coconut fibers provide a good and rich medium for the coconut when it lands in the ground.      

Special attention should be given as to the quality of the coconut fiber to be purchased. Low grade quality is not well suited for gardening as they contain high sea salt content and fine grain texture. 

Perlite

Originally used as an additive to aide aeration and improve soil drainage, it has become one of the popular hydroponic growing mediums. Commonly used with a 50/50 mix with vermiculite, it is derived from volcanic glass with holes throughout produced by exposing it to high temperatures created by water bubbles.

 Advantages of Growing with Perlite

 Inexpensive and readily available is one of the causes of its popularity. Used in wick type hydroponic systems because of its aerate nature thereby giving a good wicking action.

 Disadvantages of Growing with Perlite

 Health hazards come with the use of perlite when inhaled, a mask is suggested when working with perlite as a growing medium. A high degree of care and maintenance is also required. Water retention is one of its weakness therefore constant watering is required.

 Vermiculite

Used in conjunction with another growing medium compliments the qualities of the other. A popular and common mix is that with perlite. In a 50/50 mix vermiculites property which is water retention (200 – 300% of its weight in water) complements perlites very porous quality and a balance is achieved.

 Dangers of Using Vermiculite

 Vermiculite can be a health hazard if not handled properly. Due to its nature of containing small amounts of asbestos, it can be very dangerous when inhaled. It easily dries on an individuals fingers when touched even when wet. It is not also practical to reuse because of the rinsing and drying required. Water retention is also a problem, because of its high water retention if not used in pair with another growing medium, root damage is likely and plant death are the result.

 Rockwool

Rockwool specifically made for indoor hydroponic gardening systems. It has remained as one of the popular growing mediums. Transplanting plants when grow too big from their previous containers is also eliminated. When this happens the existing cube with the plant is merely placed on top of a larger cube and the roots would grow through both cubes. Water retention qualities of rockwool is 10 times greater that of water. Its porous nature makes it virtually impossible to over water. Recyclable, it can be used for the next crop by merely rinsing, making it economical and environment friendly.

 Disadvantages of rockwool

 A natural pH found in rockwool is one of its disadvantages, pre-treatment is required before it is used as a growing medium. Methods of lowering its alkaline content includes mixing it with a solution of pH down, trace mineral solutions and a 24 hour fish emulsion and is then rinsed thoroughly. Gloves should be used when handling rockwool because of skin irritation but is not when rockwool is wet.

My name is guy. I am the founder and owner of the urbangardenershop.com.au . I fell in love with hydroponics gardening. As time went by I gathered a vast knowledge base and 2 years ago I decided to find a way to make hydroponics gardening a hobby that anyone can peruse. I added a hydroponic gardening information center to our hydroponic supplies site that offers a large range of hydroponics articles. Thank you for your interest and feel free to ask questions on hydroponics gardening in our site

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/page/hydroponicsystems/default.asp

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/category/21/default.asp

Basic Indoor hydroponics Gardening Guide Indoor Grow Lights Fluorescent tubes Hps and MH

Fluorescent Grow Light

 Inexpensive and readily available in hardware stores and be utilized with regular light sockets. Producing less heat or none at all compared to full-size fluorescent grow lights.

Not just because of its small size and low heat output; compact fluorescent lights also produce the widest range of color spectrums to any type of lighting. It is ideal for shelf gardening due to their low heat output making the use of multiple shelves on top of each other possible. Compact fluorescent lights can be used with seedlings and small plants in a well designed hydroponic system indoor garden.

 Common Problems with Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs

 Problems with compact fluorescent light bulbs like inefficiency and poor light penetration are common.  Several compact fluorescent bulbs maybe used and consume energy as that of one HPS bulb, but do not produce the same useable light for the hydroponic indoor garden. 

Optimizing Fluorescent Grow Lights

 With the disadvantages of comparative inefficiency compared to HID lights, several things maybe done to counteract this.

Properly matching lights to the corresponding growth cycle.

Increasing Watt ratings increases light penetration

One cheap and easy way to maximize energy consumption is by the use of reflectors. Compact fluorescent lights have a 360 degree of distribution but only 90 degrees of it can be practically used. Reflectors direct the light to corners in order to maximize the light produced.

 High Intensity Discharge Lighting

 HID light bulbs are the most after lighting system by both hobbyist and professional growers. It has made possible all-year, all-season planting for thousands of indoor gardeners and industrial nursery growers. Due to their efficiency ( 10x more light produced than conventional incandescent bulbs) and color spectrums ideal for plants have resulted to better yields and plant quality all year round. Metal Halide (MH) light bulbs mainly produce blue lights, making them ideal for plants undergoing the vegetative phase of development.

Industrial cultivators the world over are the main users of HID grow lights. HID lamps provide numerous advantages that conventional Fluorescent and incandescent lights lack. Monetary benefits abound, it boosts overall plant production giving better harvests, and environmental factors are eliminated allowing all year-round production. HID lights operate stock 110 to 220 volts AC home currents and have a standard three prong adapter to link up. HID grow lights mostly come with a ballast resistor and reflective hood.

Photosynshesis in plants allows plants them to produce their own energy. Chlorophyll in plants enables plants to convert CO2, water and energy from light to nutrients and sugars. When all this elements like CO2 and nutrients are readily and plenty in a desired surrounding, the potential for growth is bound only to the amount and quality of light available.

 High Pressure Sodium (HPS) light bulbs produce reddish light, it is ideal during the fruit phase of the plant cycle. Cooler (blue) and Warmer (orange) color spectrums raise chlorophyll production and fruit energy. The sun produces cooler lights when it is higher in the skyline, seen in the summer calendar months. It is essential for plant growth shape and keep it tight. Warmer light, experienced when the sun is lower in relative position to the skyline is important for blooming plants and during the fruit phase.

Choice of lights can also depend on the type of plants grown. Metal Halide growth lights are ideal for bushy harvests such as cabbage and vegetating herbaceous plants. Blossoming plants on the other hand is better suited by high pressure sodium growth lights. Conversion light bulbs are also available for different organizations. More expensive than other lights, conversion lamps give that extra advantage of starting your plants with a metal halide growth light giving taut, small development and being replaced by high pressure sodium light bulbs when the fruit stage of the plant is reached. Recent developments have introduced convertible ballast resistors for regular metal halide growth lights and high pressure sodium light bulbs.

HID grow lights main advantage is that it eliminates such factors as climate, temperature and time of day. Season dependent plants can be grown throughout the year; they provide an alternative to solar light. For those who are garden and flower hobbyists, this would be a plus.

Hydroponic growth lights also gives you control over light exposure. Allowing us to hasten a plants growth or that flower to bloom. Ideal light color, duration and concentration are the key factors in growing those choice plants.

 High Pressure Sodium Bulbs 

A clear ceramic arc tube suspended inside a glass bulb characterizes High Pressure Sodium Bulbs. Xenon gas is the main component inside the inner tube which is then ignited to produce an arc of light. Sizes range fro 35 watts up to 1000 watts. The most popular of which are the 250 watts, 400 watts and 1000 watts.

 Advantages of High Pressure Sodium Bulbs

 Efficiency is one of its advantages; they provide the best light penetration and have strong light spectrums necessary for plant growth. Mainly producing red and yellow lights or little or no blue lights, they mimic the autumn sun. Popularity for HPS lights are mainly attributed to their low energy to light ratio and is the most economical and efficient than any other type of lighting system. HPS lights work best during the flowering or fruit stage of the plant growth cycle.

 Disadvantages of HPS High Pressure Sodium Bulbs

 High Pressure Sodium Bulbs produce great amounts of heat. Proper ventilation and good garden construction and planning help to offset this negative effect. Like all HID growth light systems price is the main drawback compared to fluorescent lights. HPS lights are currently more cost effective compared to other HID growth light systems.

High Pressure Sodium Light bulbs are replaced after 24 months to ensure their and your gardens efficiency.

 Metal Halide Bulbs

 Metal Halide bulbs are constructed by placing an inner arc tube inside vacuum-sealed glass tubing. Electric currents passed through the inner arc which in turn ignites mercury and iodide materials in the tube.

 Advantages of Metal Halide Bulbs

 Metal Halide Bulbs mimic sunlight during summertime. Producing a blue spectrum of light most ideal for plants in their vegetative growth phase. They are also a good choice for indoor hydroponic garden systems because of their efficiency in producing light.

 Other Metal Halide Bulb Information

 Available from 70 to 1500 watts, Metal Halide bulbs present a wide variety of choices. Most popular and commonly used are the 250, 400 and 1000 watts metal halide bulbs. Ballast specifically tailored for each bulb is also essential. Mounting positions depend on its specific bulb type (marks or guides are usually provided). HOR bulbs are mounted horizontally, BU/BD is vertically mounted and U (universal) bulbs could be mounted either way. The vertical position is the most ideal and provides utmost efficiency.

 

My name is guy. I am the founder and owner of the urbangardenershop.com.au . I fell in love with hydroponics gardening. As time went by I gathered a vast knowledge base and 2 years ago I decided to find a way to make hydroponics gardening a hobby that anyone can peruse. I added a hydroponic gardening information center to our hydroponic supplies site that offers a large range of hydroponics articles. Thank you for your interest and feel free to ask questions on hydroponics gardening in our site

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/page/hydroponicsystems/default.asp

http://www.urbangardenershop.com.au/category/25/default.asp

Biodynamic Farming Tips for Cultivating SoilFriendly Earthworms Indoor

Are you considering adapting biodynamic farming? It is about time you do so. Nowadays, costs of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers are higher. There are also health and environmental issues that you have to look at. By using natural techniques to farming, you could effectively become more productive. The soil could be made richer by keeping it safe and healthy. Natural organisms that thrive in it should not be put off, specifically and especially earthworms. Did you know that many farmers these days are aiming to multiply the number of earthworms in their land? There are techniques to do so.

Vermiculture is an artificial way of cultivating and breeding earthworms. As such, the technology is appropriate and effective to be facilitated and implemented indoors. While usual composting can be done outdoors, vermicomposting is perfect indoors. Vermicomposting is composting biodegradable substances and objects using earthworms. The idea is that earthworms would feed on decaying kitchen leftovers and animal manure. In the process, worms feed, digest and metabolize leaving excretions that are made up of organic nutrients that make the soil richer.  

Vermicomposting can also be done outdoors, but indoors is how it can be perfectly conducted. Worm bins are commercially available for the purpose. Worm bins are special containers that are designed and manufactured especially and specifically to facilitate earthworm growth and reproduction for composting. The earthworms to be raised and reproduced are also available commercially. There are various businesses in operations today that supply such worms. There are two options for buying the worms. One, you can buy the worms by the bulk for direct transfer to the plots or soil containing crops. Second, you can buy vermiculture worms for the purpose of raising them further so you can reproduce and culture your own earthworms artificially.  

Red worms are most ideal and recommended for vermicomposting. Such manure worms or red wigglers thrive mostly in decaying organic matter like compost heaps, manure piles and leaf piles. These worms are basically smaller in comparison to night crawlers. They are reddish brown in color and are natively found in Europe. The presence of red worms is indicative of soil fertility because they herald high organic matter content as toxic substances are eliminated as well in the soil.  

Aside from that, red worms are best for indoor composting. That is because the creatures are efficient organic waste processors. They take in food and excrete their own weight all the time. A small worm bin can yield significant pounds of nutritive and ideal compost, called popularly as worm castings. In two to three months, indoor compost can be harvested and used as organic and alternative fertilizer.

If you are really serious in adapting biodynamic farming, you should start raising and cultivating soil-friendly earthworms. If the soil in your garden does not contain more than enough of those soil, it is about time you adapt vermiculture technology to do so. It would truly be a lot of help in your endeavor. For sure, production of your land would rise.

Get more complete tips on Biodynamic Farming , visit: www.biodynamicfarming.getmytips.com